Rajasthani Shodh Sansthan

Rajasthan has been the "heart-land" of India there are many glorious legends of sacrifice, virility, devotion and they glorified Indian history on one hand and fascinated audiences world over through differing aspects of cultural and performing arts. Although much of its literary treasure was destroyed and plundered during different invasions, some of the pricelessly valuable manuscripts have been salvaged and preserved. Intensive research, procurement, classification and editing has gone into making this significant heritage available for posterity and prospective scholars.

For the specific purpose of promoting research into the manuscripts available. Rajasthani Shodh Sansthan was established in 1955. Dr. Narain Singh Bhati (1955-1993) was assigned the task of its establishment and structuring it. He gave it the present status and led research from the front. As on date this institute has a national reputation and is a research centre (recognized by Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur for doctoral and post doctoral research in Rajasthani Language, Literature and Medieval History.

Since 1957, Government of Rajasthan has been matching 90% grant-in-aid available to this research institute of quality research. Rajasthan Sahitya Academy (Rajasthan Academy of Letters) and Government of India have been funding special programmes and projects of the institute.

Rajasthani Shodh Sansthan has a rich collection of 16734 rare manuscripts. Besides these several standard publications have attracted a number of scholars from various Indian Universities and overseas. They frequently Visit this institute over 600 of them have been benefited by the invaluable research material by now.

'Parampara' ('the tradition') is research journal quarterly published by Rajasthani Shodh Sansthan 147 special issues of the journal have been published by now. The institute has a collection of 16743 rare manuscripts, about 300 paintings of Rajput school of painting, speeches of learned speakers and research papers. The Institute guides and assists research scholars by providing catalogues of manuscripts, publications of the anthologies of the works of Rajasthani poets, compilation of Rajasthani Sabad Kosh by organising seminars and symposia on Rajasthani Literature and History. A brief description of sansthan's activities follows for information.

Parampara a Research Journal

This is a quarterly publication of this Institute. Every issue is a special issue concentrated on one theme or an aspect of Rajasthani culture. All these special issues are worth collecting. Several of them viz. Dingal-Kosh, Rajasthani Sahitya ka Aadi kaal (Ancient period of Rajasthani), Rajasthani sahitya ka Madhya Kaal (Medieval period of Rajasthani Literature), Lokgeet (Folk songs), Etihasik Baate (Historical Legends) have found place in University sylabi as reference books. The series of special issues is being published uninterrupted.

The issues of the Journal present well-edited material related to the history, Literature, Folk Literature and culture in authenticated version, several genres of these major classifications viz. Baat, khyat, vachanika, [prosody, lexicography, grammer, interpretation, transcreaptions, historical perspective, analytical study of folk literature, creticism, songs, couplets etc, have been explored in these volumes. Some issues have been devoted to the study of modern Rajasthani Literature.

Collecting of Manuscripts

Rajasthani Shodh Sansthan has a treasure of manuscripts dating 14th to 19th centuries. In the present collection of 16743 manuscripts comprise over a hundred thousand works. Some salient features of this treasure are:

  1. These manuscripts have been acquisitions from various principalities, temples, monastries, scholars, poets and genealogists, marathon efforts by our well-wishers, workers and local junk-dealers are behind this invaluable acquisition. The state record of Shahpura has been present to the Sansthan by the former king of the state.
  2. Ancient manuscripts are related to the Jainism and they provide significant study of language and culture. In addition to the original works, there are Tika (interpretations), Balav-Bodh, Tabba, Vaartik etc. which also throw light on the ancient modes of scholarship.
  3. Manuscripts of Rajasthani versions of Bhagwat, Puranas, the Geeta and ancient scriptures are also available.
  4. Ancient , doha (couplets) Geet (songs), chhappay (sestets), Nisaani, Vachanika, Jhammal and chhand-sastra (Prosody) of the bardic, Charan literature have been preserved in good number.
  5. Almost all the genres of Rajasthani prose are there among these manuscripts Some of them are baat, khyat, vachanika, peedhi, vanshavali (interpretations) anuvaad (Translations) in both authentic and anonymous manuscripts.
  6. A sizeable collection of manuscripts of Ayurvedic (Traditional Medicine), Jyotish (astrology) and Darshan (philosophy) has been there. In the collection several Sanskrit works on astrology carrying interpretations and graphics are also there.
  7. Several Hindi and Rajasthani works related to aesthetics of literature enrich this collection. Among them worth-mention is Poet Manchha Ram's manuscript of Raghunath-Roopak.
  8. Some research material in Xeroxed copies is available for research scholars.
Collecting of Ancient Paintings
Rajasthan is well-known world over for the Rajput School of painting. Kishangarh and Bundi school being amongst the most prominent, Rajasthani   Sodh  Santhan preserves a collection of 300 old paintings  most of which belong to the Jodhpur school of painting.
1. Barahmasa Paintings.

2. Portraits of Historical figures :
Rao Amar Singh, Umaid Singh Sisodia, Maharaja Man Singh, Durga Das Rathore, Ajit Singh, Thakur of Khinvsar, Maharana Bhim Singh, portraits of the Maharaja of Bikaner.

3. Paintings of various incarnations of god and Bhagwan mahaveer. A set of the nath order pf Sages of jodhpur.
4. paingings based on musical Ragas.
5. Paintings depicting hunting expeditions and love-legends like Dhola-Maru, Laila-Majnun etc.
6. Paintings portraying weddings and other ceremonies that mirror the regional cultural ethos.

7. Paintings portraying majlis (mettings) of the rulers.

8. One painting portrays Meera Bai and Veer-bhakta Jaimal Rathore worshipping lord Charbhuja (Merta).
Collecting of Ancient Paintings

With the fianancial assistance from National Archives, New Delhi records of the Marwar State and principalities under it have been acquired under a special project which began in the year 2000. These records include Bahis (records) chopanias (note books) and census. The 1581 Bahis (records) of Fiefdoms (Thikanas) of Khejadla, Bikamkor, Rohat, Bagawas, Korna and Suraita are preserved here.

These records dating 19th century and the first half of 20th century give details of the castes inhabiting the state, land management and administrative procedure of fertilization of agricultural land, other occupations besides agriculture, Revenue system, and several aspects of civilization and culture and way of life. These records open the whole vista of the times corresponding for research. Besides, these records facilitate linguistic study of Rajasthani as these records have the oldest terminology.

The record of Shahpura, presented by its former rulers has been separately preserved. It has details of 6 Thikanas (Fiefdoms) under its in Bahis.

Reference Section of the library:

Rajasthani shodh Sansthan preserves a reference section of rare books published in British period and there after. Classified in Sections for Hindi Literature, History, Philosophy etc. besides Rajasthani are also rich. History of almost all the states and principalities of Rajasthan, Research Theses and Dissertations of the Universities. Rajasthani and Hindi dictionaries, Dingal Kosh, census reports, Gazzets of Marwar, Publications of other institutions, research journals, catalogues etc. in 5057 rare books and available in this reference section of the sansthan's library.